Mock Mark Scheme

Useful to keep a track of what I am expecting from the students in their mock based on the new OCR B scheme (Short course)

 Religion Peace and Justice

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  2. What is capital punishment
    1. Putting to death a person who has been found guilty
  3. 2 Reasons for punishing criminals
    1. Deterrence, protection, retribution, reformation
  4. What is meant by liberation theology
    1. Modern development in the church, focused on equality for all, most clearly seen in Latin America (Oscar Romero), Asia and parts of Africa.
    2. People who follow the teachings of Jesus have an obligation to take positive action to oppose social injustice and governmental abuse of power
    3. Prot and Catholic theology
  5. Why Christians are often against the use of violence
    1. Pacifism, violence is always wrong as an act despite any possible positive consequences of violence
    2. Quakers & Conscientious objectors work for peace as follows Christian message more closely
    3. Violence is not the only method of fighting – peaceful protest
    4. ‘Greater love has no man than this, that he lay down his life for his friends’ Jn15:13
    5. ‘Blessed are the peacemakers for they will be called children of God’ Mt 5:9
    6. Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you Mt 5:43
    7. However direct action is allowed in the Bible – ‘Prepare for war! Rouse the Warriors! Let all the fighting me draw near and attack. Beat your plough shares into swords and your pruning hooks into spears’ Joel 3:9
    8. Jesus uses direct action – Cleansing of the Temple – Righteous Anger (Bonhoeffer!)
  6. Sometimes war is necessary
    1. Pacifism vs. Violence
    2. Violence vs. Direct Action/Righteous Anger
    3. Just War theory (Aquinas) means that war is carried out for the right reasons and is the last resort rather than the first resort.
    4. Holy war?
    5. Sometimes War is necessary but most Christians will argue that peaceful methods should be sought first.

       

  7. Religion and Science

     
     

  8. What does stewardship mean?
    1. Someone who looks after something for someone else
  9. 2 egs of environmental issues
    1. Range of answers dependent on students
  10. Scientific theories of how the world and humanity began
    1. The world: Big Bang theory – massive explosion circa 18 Billion years ago leading to creation of universe. Cooling of matter and gases released led to formation of planets.
    2. Humans: Evolution and natural selection/survival of the fittest.
    3. Third mark? Explanation of key terms such as evolution – development of life from original single celled organisms?
  11. Why some Christians might not accept scientific theories concerning how the world and humanity were made
    1. Focus on some Christians so suggesting that it is possible for Christians to follow scientific theories
    2. Contrast of literalist/Creationist interpretation of historical accuracy of Genesis vs. symbolic/liberal/mythical interpretation of spiritual truth expressed within a religious narrative.
    3. Day = period of time or 24 hour period?
    4. Creationist cannot accept as they see the bible as infallible – i.e. The written word of God. Symbolic interpretation can accept as Genesis expresses an understanding of the relationship between God, humanity and creation.
    5. Review of epistemology of science vs. religion – science answers the how and religion answers the why? Combination of the two can lead to greater understanding.
  12. It is acceptable to test on animals if it benefits human beings
    1. Yes – Dominion
    2. Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the Earth. Gen 1:28 – Dominion/Rule/Authority
    3. God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him, male and female he created them. Gen 1:27 – authority through image of God
    4. Breathed into his nostrils the breath of life and the man became a living being Gen 2:7 – Humanity has soul which animals don’t
    5. No – Stewardship interpretation rather than authority interpretation
    6. The earth and everything in it is the Lord’s – Psalms – Not ours to mistreat
    7. Being most advanced creature means responsibility of care for planet
    8. In the middle – necessary evil which should be monitored in the light of Christian ethical principles (CofE)
    9. Gaya Hypothesis – Deep and Shallow Ecology (Links to Quakers understanding of interconnectedness of creation to God)
    10. Peter Singer – specisim to suggest that human beings are the most important?

       

  13. Good and Evil

     
     

  14. What is conscience?
    1. Inner voice (considered by some as God given) which provides direction on morality – Difficult to define!
  15. 2 references to Satan
    1. Adam and Eve (although not Biblically correct but never mind…), Job, Jesus and temptation, Jesus and reference to Lucifer falling from heaven, Revelation (?)
  16. Difference between Moral and Natural evil
    1. Moral – humans – murder, rape
    2. Natural – not humans – tsunami
  17. How do Christians decide on the right way to live
    1. WWJD (healing miracles, caring for the poor and needy)
    2. What did Jesus say (‘love thy neighbour’, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, blessed are the peace makers)
    3. Reading the Bible (10 Commandments)
    4. The Church Community – peers
    5. The Church leaders – The Pope
    6. Individual Conscience – if the voice of God!
    7. Famous Christians – MLK, Mother Theresa
  18. The devil is the cause of evil
    1. Yes he is – causes all of the suffering to Job
    2. Yes he is – but doesn’t cause the exact suffering but instead tempts humans to use their free will to go away from God. It is this action that then leads them to experience suffering – Adam & Eve
    3. No he doesn’t exist – metaphor for human weakness
    4. No it is all a test set out by God

       

  19. Religion and Equality

     
     

  20. What is forgiveness?
    1. Act of pardoning or forgiving someone for something which they have done wrong
  21. 2 egs of discrimination
    1. Racism, sexism, ageism, homophobia, against disability, against those with a laugh like a chipmunk
  22. What are Christian attitudes to other religions
    1. Other religions are wrong – ‘I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me’ (John 14:6)
    2. So members of Christianity have to be proselytising and evangelistic – conversionary duty
    3. There is more than one way to God – all religions are an expression of belief in the one God
    4. Some may argue that other religions are a basic (lower) form of Christianity but at least it is worship.
    5. Others will argue that religions are equal as they are all providing worship to different aspects of God.
  23. Explain Christian responses to racism
    1. Against racism because it is against the message given by Jesus in the bible
    2. Focus in Christianity on equality – Parable of Good Samaritan
    3. Love thy neighbour
    4. We are all made in the image of God – therefore all god’s children
    5. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is no male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. (Gal 3:28)
    6. However have been Christian responses to racism which have been in favour of it instead. Not necessarily perfect history in relation to racism – Crusades, Catholic church had negative impact with native South Americans, Dutch Reform Church approved apartheid in South Africa
  24. It is obvious people are not equal
    1. There are differences whether in form/shape/appearance or in status in society
    2. Claims such as UN Declaration of Human rights incorrect – all humans beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
    3. However differences are superficial – all human which therefore means equality
    4. Differences of equality should be fought against by the Church – liberation theology
    5. Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another Jn 13:34
    6. I now realise how true it is that God does not show favouritism but accepts men from every nation who fear him and do what is right Acts 10:34f
    7. Love your neighbour as yourself
    8. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is no male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. (Gal 3:28)
    9. Differences in status does not make it right.
    10. If aim of question is descriptive of the world then yes it is obvious people are not equal. If asking if this is correct then Christianity would argue that it is something to be fought against.

       
       

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